What is Tourette Syndrome?
Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by the occurrence of vocal and motor tics. Tics are involuntary, repetitive movements and vocalizations that occur in bouts, typically many times in a single day, and are often preceded by a strong urge-to-tic, premonitory urge (PU). Various neurological dysfunctions causes TS.
How does TENS Therapy Help?
Non-invasive brain stimulation delivered to cortical motor areas can modulate cortical motor excitability, entrain brain oscillations, and reduce tics in TS.
Rhythmic median nerve stimulation can entrain sensorimotor mu-band oscillations
•Mu-band entrainment has minimal effect on volitional movement or cognition
•Mu-band entrainment significantly reduces motor and vocal tics in Tourette syndrome
•Mu-band entrainment reduces the urge-to-tic in Tourette syndrome
Pad Placement: Right Wrist
TENS Settings: Pulse Rate 12Hz